1987 Henry County, Indiana Woodland Indians Archaeology Dig Excavation by
Ball State University.
This burial site is touted as a place of special significance for the Woodland Indians.
The remains of approximately 10 people were found here with other artifacts including
arrowheads and pottery.
The Commisary site, approximately 500 yards away from this site contained the
remains of more than 100 prehistoric mid to late Woodland Indians. The remains
revealed evidence that as many as 800 Indian's occupied this area at one time.
One of the remains found was that of an infant named Angus by the arcaeologist who
found the remains.
1,000 Year old skull among finds in Henry County Woodland Indiana Dig.
The Indians in the Eastern Woodland Culture lived east of the Plains Indians. These
Indians, like the Indians of the other cultures depended on the natural resources
around them for all of their basic needs. Because these Indians lived in the forests,
they were called the Eastern Woodland Indians. Their food, shelter, clothing,
weapons, and tools came from the forests around them. They lived in villages near a
lake or stream. The Woodland Indians lived in wigwams and long-houses. The
Iroquois, Cherokee, and Mound Builders were important Woodland tribes.
The following are some photographs of the 1987 Woodland Indian archaeology dig in
Henry County. These photos and articles were sent in to us by Mom Jones....we'd like
to thank her for the awesome photographs. Click the pic to enlarge photo!
|Massacre of Indians
Near Markleville, Indiana
In 1824, 9 Indians were murdered by
white men near this spot. First execution
of white men for killing Indians.
|Trail of Death
Marks the spot where the Potawatomi
Indians were forced to begin their long
march to the west. Many perished along
|Artifacts collected in and around Indiana.
Many found near the Ohio River.
Photo was sent in by Barry.
|Indian Mound located in Henry County Park.
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|"Longhouse built by the Powhatan Woodland
EARLY WOODLAND INDIANS
The Early Woodland time period dates to 600 to 200 BC. They were the first native
americans to use ceramics. The pottery was thick. It didn't have any decorations. The
sides were made rough by pressing a cord into the side. They had different kinds of
projectile points. Stemmed points were common. They had houses about 4 by 6
meters. They were just temporary houses because they lived at a site for a couple
months and then they would move. They had small camps near the bases of bluffs, in
the valley, and near rivers. They gathered nuts and berries. They also ate mussels
LATE WOODLAND INDIANS
The Late Woodland time period is from 250 A.D. to 800 A.D. The Late Woodland
Indians ate corn, sunflower seeds, wild plants, and meat. They had bows and arrows
that could shoot far away. There was competition for resources. Archeologists think
there was competition going on because they found arrows in the the deceased.
Archeologists think they fought over good farm land. Because large populations were
living so close together, it started spreading diseases. The houses they lived in were
about 5 by 5 meters. They had large settlements. They had ceramics that were thin
and had little decoration.
Woodland and other Indiana Native American Artifacts and History
Collectors World Online Genealogy and Photograhy!
Native American Indians in Indiana
The County was named for
the Delaware Indians, an
Eastern tribe which was
slowly pushed into Ohio
and finally settled in east
central Indiana during the
1770's. The Delaware
Indians established several
towns along the White
River, among these
Muncietown, near present
day Muncie. In 1818, under
the Treaty of St. Mary's Ohio
the Delawares ceded their
holdings in Indiana to the
United States government
and moved westward. In
1820, Delaware County was
opened for settlement.
|Tribes in Indiana
Prehistoric Mound Builders
including Hopewell and
Adena, were the first
inhabitants of what is Henry
County today. Later
Delaware Indians occupied
Henry County was formed
from what was known as
the "New Purchase"
resulting from the 1818
Treaty of St. Mary's.
The county was
established June 1, 1821. It
was named in honor of
American Revolution patriot
On October 7, 1930, the
Madison County Historical
Society donated to the
Indiana State Department
(Department of Natural
Resources) a 254 acre
tract of land containing an
elaborate burial mound
complex which they had
acquired earlier in 1930
from the Union Traction
Company, thus Mounds
State Park was created.
Collectors World Online Genealogy and Photograhy!
Only good dreams will be
allowed to filter through . . .
Bad dreams will stay in the
net, disappearing with the
light of day."
The most notable earthworks of the county are perhaps those on the “Hudelson place,”
formerly the “Allen Shepherd farm.” Here are fortifications which have defied the
ravages of the “tooth of time” for aught we know for a century, and the plowman’s
share for half that time, and yet, in some instances from the bottom of the ditch to the
top of the embankment is still four to six feet, though generally much less. Several of
them enclose near a half acre, and generally there is in the center a mound which was
probably at one time much higher than the surrounding embankment and served as a
sort of observatory and as well perhaps as a resting place for the dead.
Artisans and Artifacts of Vanished Races, Theophilus Dickerson, 1915
PECULIAR GRAVEL MOUND IN HENRY COUNTY, INDIANA
This Isolated Monument of Nature at an Early Period Surrounded by Water-Two
HUMAN SKELETON EIGHT FEET IN HEIGHT UNEARTHED TWELVE FEET BENEATH
SURFACE-EIGHTY FOUR IVORY BEADS FOUND IN IVORY SAUCER ON THE BREAST
A few miles north of Kennard, in Henry county, Indiana, is a remarkable mound that
covers an area of five acres. Unlike other mounds found in Indiana and other states, it
is composed primarily of sand and gravel and covered by a forest of native trees of a
century’s growth. There is not another deposit of sand or gravel in six or eight miles.
The surrounding country is plain.
This pile of sand and gravel, as stated in above, covers an area of five acres and is of
cone shape. When first known by white men it had a well defined ditch around it, and
two made roadways, wide enough for a wagon, one from the north and the other from
Farmers and road builders that needed gravel and sand found these glacial screenings
to come handy in the building of public highways and for a small price per cubic yard
paid to the owner of land found it more convenient than going to Springport or Mount
Summit, a distance of eight miles.
After opening this deposit to a depth of 12 feet from the top of mound they unearthed a
human skeleton whose framework measured nearly eight feet in height. His skull would
fit over the head of a large man; his jaws being massive and teeth in a perfect state of
On the breast of this big chief was a saucer-shaped vessel of ivory, about six inches in
diameter, containing 84 ivory beads, that must have been made from the tusk of a
We tried the persuasion of money on the old farmer in order to secure the ivory
specimens, but he was invincible. We had no desire to become the possessor of
|Giants Among Us
Indiana Geological Survey,
Henry County, Indiana
About seven or eight miles
west of New Castle, a
number of Indian skeletons
were disinterred in the
constructing a turnpike, and
about the same distance
south of town some
remarkable humans bones
and skeletons of giant size
were dug out, with other
relics, during the making of
|Indians Who Stayed in
Many of the Native
Americans never left Henry
county and were buried here
in the county. I know of one
Indiana Burial ground north
of Mt. Summit in Prairie
township along the old
Indiana trail through Henry
Wm. Godfrey, a descendant
of the Miami Indian Chief
Francois Godfroy, and a
friend of the Harveys, along
with his wife, is known to be
buried in the Harvey
At one time in the early
1800s there were three
major Delaware and Miami
Indian settlements located in
the county; on Blue River at
Raysville, on Blue River out
by the Juvenile Detention
Center and on Blue River at
highway #103, the old state
hospital grounds now known
as the Blue River/Wilbur
Wright Fish & Wildlife Area.
We are working with the
DNR property manager to try
to get this area marked with
an historic marker.
Bud Bush - Historian
1879 Indiana, Brewersville:
A skeleton almost ten feet
tall was excavated from a
Chief Speckled Snake
As the white settlers gazed
over those lands before
them, they could probably
see the remnants of the
Indian nations vacating their
lands and moving further
west. Speckled Snake, a
Creek chief, expressed the
sentiments of many Indians
when he said,
"I have listened to great
many talks from our great
father (President). But they
always began and ended in
`Get a little further; you are
too close to me.'"
History Timeline of the Native Indians of Indiana
10,000 B.C. Paleo-Indian Era (Stone Age culture) the earliest human inhabitants of
America who lived in caves and were Nomadic hunters of large game
including the Great Mammoth.
1700 BC Mound Builders culture, a feature of many Woodland tribes.
1000 AD Woodland period with permanent houses and farming.
1300 Mississippian culture period of Mound builders.
1500 Indiana was first explored by the French.
1541 Hernando de Soto (1500-1542) explores Indiana.
1640 1640 - 1701 - The Beaver Wars, also known as the Iroquois Wars or the
French and Iroquois Wars.
1671 Simon Daumont de Saint-Lusson declares the region for France.
1679 Rene-Robert La Salle explores Indiana.
1689 1688 - 1763 The French and Indian Wars between France and Great Britain
for lands in North America. The Iroquois Indians were allied to the French
and the Algoquian speaking tribes were allied to the British.
1752 A smallpox plague strike the Indian population,
1754 1754 - 1763: The French Indian War is won by Great Britain against
1763 Treaty of Paris.
1775 1775 - 1783 - The American Revolution.
1776 July 4, 1776 - United States Declaration of Independence.
1777 Indians encouraged by the British to attack the frontier Americans.
1785 Northwest Indian War (1785–1795) in Indiana and Ohio. The Americans
suffered 2 defeats by the American Native Indians until they won the Battle
of Fallen Timbers.
1803 The United States bought the Louisiana Territory from France for 15 million
1811 Tecumseh's War - Battle of Tippecanoe (1811–1813).
1812 1812 - 1815: The War of 1812 between U.S. and Great Britain, ended in a
stalemate but confirmed America's Independence.
1818 Treaty of St. Marys - Treaty with the Delaware Indians. Delawares cede all
land in Indiana. U.S. agree to provide a country for the Delaware west of the
Mississippi. Delaware allowed to stay for three years and then be provided
horses, provisions and money ($4,000.00 annually in silver, in perpetuity).
Treaty was signed by 21 individuals including Jonathan Jennings, Lewis
Cass, Big Bear, White Eyes, James Nanticoke.
1830 Indian Removal Act.
1832 Department of Indian Affairs established.
1861 1861 - 1865: The American Civil War.
1862 U.S. Congress passes Homestead Act opening the Great Plains to settlers.
1887 Dawes General Allotment Act passed by Congress leads to the break up of
the large Indian Reservations and the sale of Indian lands to white settlers.
1969 All Indians declared citizens of U.S.
|American Indian and white settlements in Indiana Territory
circa 1810. It would be another 6 years before Indiana
gained Statehood and 12 years before Henry County was
formed and the city of New Castle officially settled.
The name "Indiana" mean "Land of Indians".
The Miamis have been
described by General
William Henry Harrison as
the most extensive
landowners in the
northwest. He stands on
record as saying that: "Their
territory embraced all of
Ohio, west of the Scioto; all
of Indiana, and that part of
Illinois, south of the Fox river
and Wisconsin, on which
frontier they were
intermingled with the
Kickapoos and some other
American Indians migrated
west into Indiana as
European settlers took their
lands during the late 1600s.
The Shawnee, Miami,
Delaware, Mohican, and
Potawatomi tribes were just
a few of these tribes.
|Indians on the Eel River in Indiana. Painting by George Winter 1850.
Giants Among Us?
Henry County, Indiana
About seven or eight miles west of New Castle, a number of Indian skeletons were
disinterred in the constructing a turnpike, and about the same distance south of town
some remarkable humans bones and skeletons of giant size were dug out, with other
relics, during the making of the road.
|1,000 Year Old Ancient Native American Remains and Artifacts
Found in New Castle, Indiana
|The Ancient One's
Baker Park - New Castle, Indiana
2000 year Old Ceremonial Mound
This ancient site in Baker Park is known as the "Chrysler Enclosure" - named after
Walter P. Chrysler whom the land and nearby school were dedicated. The site was built
by Native Americans as a religious structure about 2,000 years ago. The circular ditch
and bank enclosed a sacred space and a gateway was aligned to the Winter Solstice
Sunrise. It is one of the few surviving earthworks in eastern Indiana.
I took this photograph standing on the ancient Native American mound in Baker Park. Looking skyward,
it's an awesome sight and I imagine it as being the same view the ancients had while standing in this
very spot 2,000 years ago.
Photo by Mark S. Orr
|19th century Native American Indians in Indiana.
Map of Native American Indians in Indiana in 1810.
By 1825 nearly all of the Indians were gone from eastern Indiana due to the
Treaty of St. Mary's.
|Mound group on grounds of the East Colony of the Epileptic Village north of New Castle, Indiana
on State Road #103. Lilly Prehistoric Antiquities p. 71.